References 2016-10-21T21:02:11+00:00

References

Amundsen AL, Ntanios F, Put N, Ose L. Long-term compliance and changes in plasma lipids, plant sterols and carotenoids in children and parents with FH consuming plant sterol esterenriched spread. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Dec;58(12):1612-20.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15199384

*Clifton P, Colquhoun D, Hewat C, Jones P, Litt J, Noakes M, O’Brien R, Shrapnel B, Skeaff M. Dietary intervention to lower serum cholesterol. Aust Fam Physician. 2009 Jun;38(6):424-9. PubMed PMID: 19521587.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19521587

Davidson MH, Maki KC, Umporowicz DM, Ingram KA, Dicklin MR, Schaefer E, Lane RW, McNamara JR, Ribaya-Mercado JD, Perrone G, Robins SJ, Franke WC. Safety and tolerability of esterified phytosterols administered in reduced-fat spread and salad dressing to healthy adult men and women. J Am Coll Nutr. 2001 Aug;20(4):307-19. PubMed PMID: 11506058.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11506058

*Demonty I, Ras RT, van der Knaap HC, Duchateau GS, Meijer L, Zock PL, Geleijnse JM, Trautwein EA. Continuous dose-response relationship of the LDL-cholesterol-lowering effect of phytosterol intake. J Nutr. 2009 Feb;139(2):271-84. Epub 2008 Dec 17. Review.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19091798

Grundy SM. Stanol esters as a component of maximal dietary therapy in the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III report. Am J Cardiol. 2005 Jul 4;96(1A):47D-50D. Review.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15992516

*Gylling H, Siimes MA, Miettinen TA. Sitostanol ester margarine in dietary treatment of children with familial hypercholesterolemia. J Lipid Res. 1995 Aug;36(8):1807-12. PubMed PMID: 7595101.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7595101

*Hallikainen MA, Sarkkinen ES, Uusitupa MI. Plant stanol esters affect serum cholesterol concentrations of hypercholesterolemic men and women in a dose-dependent manner. J Nutr. 2000 Apr;130(4):767-76.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10736328

Hendriks HF, Weststrate JA, van Vliet T, Meijer GW. Spreads enriched with three different levels of vegetable oil sterols and the degree of cholesterol lowering in normocholesterolaemic and mildly hypercholesterolaemic subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1999 Apr;53(4):319-27.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10334658

Jones PJ, Howell T, MacDougall DE, Feng JY, Parsons W. Short-term administration of tall oil phytosterols improves plasma lipid profiles in subjects with different cholesterol levels. Metabolism. 1998 Jun;47(6):751-6. PubMed PMID: 9627377.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9627377

Jones PJ, Ntanios FY, Raeini-Sarjaz M, Vanstone CA. Cholesterol-lowering efficacy of a sitostanol containing phytosterol mixture with a prudent diet in hyperlipidemic men. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Jun;69(6):1144-50.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10357732

Ketomäki AM, Gylling H, Antikainen M, Siimes MA, Miettinen TA. Red cell and plasma plant sterols are related during consumption of plant stanol and sterol ester spreads in children with hypercholesterolemia. J Pediatr. 2003 May;142(5):524-31. PubMed PMID: 12756385.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12756385

*Mensink RP, de Jong A, Lütjohann D, Haenen GR, Plat J. Plant stanols dose-dependently decrease LDL-cholesterol concentrations, but not cholesterol-standardized fat-soluble antioxidant concentrations, at intakes up to 9 g/d. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Jul;92(1):24-33.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20504972

National Cholesterol Education Program. Third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel. Executive Summary. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/cholesterol/atp3xsum.pdf

O’Neill FH, Sanders TA, Thompson GR. Comparison of efficacy of plant stanol ester and sterol ester: short-term and longer-term studies. Am J Cardiol. 2005 Jul 4;96(1A):29D-36D.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15992513

*Ostlund RE Jr, McGill JB, Zeng CM, Covey DF, Stearns J, Stenson WF, Spilburg CA. Gastrointestinal absorption and plasma kinetics of soy Delta(5)-phytosterols and phytostanols in humans. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Apr;282(4):E911-6.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11882512

*Patch CS, Tapsell LC, Williams PG, Gordon M. Plant sterols as dietary adjuvants in the reduction of cardiovascular risk: theory and evidence. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2006;2(2):157-62. Review.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17319460

Pritchard et al 2000: The effect of increasing doses of tall oil derived phytosterols (PhytrolTM) on the plasma lipid levels of hypercholesterolemic patients. Protocol CLF 9904. Study report for Novartis Consumer Health and Forbes Medi-Tech Inc.

*Scientific Committee on Food: Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Food on a report on Post Launch Monitoring of “yellow fat spreads with added phytosterol esters”. October 4, 2002.
http://ec.europa.eu/food/fs/sc/scf/out144_en.pdf

*Scholle JM, Baker WL, Talati R, Coleman CI. The effect of adding plant sterols or stanols to statin therapy in hypercholesterolemic patients: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Coll Nutr. 2009 Oct;28(5):517-24. Review.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20439548

Theuwissen E, Mensink RP. Water-soluble dietary fibers and cardiovascular disease. Physiol Behav. 2008 May 23;94(2):285-92. Epub 2008 Jan 5. Review. PubMed PMID: 18302966.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18302966

*Theuwissen E, Mensink RP. Simultaneous intake of beta-glucan and plant stanol esters affects lipid metabolism in slightly hypercholesterolemic subjects. J Nutr. 2007 Mar;137(3):583-8. PubMed PMID: 17311944.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17311944

*Vanstone CA, Raeini-Sarjaz M, Parsons WE, Jones PJ. Unesterified plant sterols and stanols lower LDL-cholesterol concentrations equivalently in hypercholesterolemic persons. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Dec;76(6):1272-8.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12450893

Weststrate JA, Meijer GW. Plant sterol-enriched margarines and reduction of plasma total- and LDL-cholesterol concentrations in normocholesterolaemic and mildly hypercholesterolaemic subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1998 May;52(5):334-43. PubMed PMID: 9630383.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9630383

*Publication available without charge